Ficus Tree: Home for Avian ecosystem.
Biodiversity Sep 09, 2020
Ficus trees are often regarded as main resources in tropical landscapes. As they bear fruit year-round and are one of the few reliable sources available for resident as well as migrant birds and other animal like bats and squirrels. It is for sure that it has an immense conservation value.
A banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis), India’s national tree which is a fig plant that begins life as an epiphyte. An epiphyte is a plant that grows on another plant (like orchids), when its seed germinates in the host tree. These seeds are typically dispersed by bats, squirrels or fruit-eating, birds. Later, they send roots downward, wrapped around the host. These roots make contact with the ground, and grow into an independent tree.
Several scientific studies have concluded that ficus trees even isolated ones, are critically important microsites for conservation in urban and human-modified landscapes. In India, given the religious and cultural importance of such trees, it may be possible to build a strong case for their conservation.
Given this phenomenon of being an year- round resource, fig trees may be even more essential in urban landscapes with rapidly diminishing green cover and related reduction of fruiting trees.
This fig trees can even be grown on terraces using quite a huge container like water drums or planters to make a staying place for birds and other creatures.
By pruning the branches, we can give a bushy stature for the tree and can give a bushy structure which will make a forest feel on our terraces.