Plant Special Care Operations
Cultural Operations Aug 27, 2020
Nutrients and Medicins , these two are not enought for plant healthy growth and Yield.
Here is the some of the special cares that need to be done in your Garden.
Removing of old leaves
Initially plant disease occur on the old leaves and slowly they will spread to another leaves through air and any other tools .
There is no any use with the older leaves to the plants whatever nutrients applying to the plants they will go waste to that part.
Removing of Water suckers in Tomato plant
Tomato sucker is a smallish shoot that grows out of the joint where a branch on tomato plant meets a stem.
These small shoots will grow into a full sized branch if left alone which more sprawling tomato plant.
From this sucker there is any use it won’t give any flowers and fruits .
It’s a easy process .Touching male flower to female flower by hand .
Some plant flowers having both sexual parts in a one flower this flowers calls bisexual flowers. In this no need of any pollinator help the fruit set will happens easily.
But in some plants
Example Gourds like Bottle gourd ,cucumber etc…
In these plants there are two types of flowers Male and Female flowers in plants they located in different places in this plants the pollination will happen through the honey bees , humans, Air .
To get more fruits from the plant it’s better to do hand pollination.
Bagging prevents insect pests, especially fruit flies, from finding and damaging the fruits. The bag provides physical protection from mechanical injuries (scars and scratches) and prevents female flies’ laying activities, latex burns, and fungal spots on the fruits. Although laborious, it is cheaper, safer, easier to do, and gives you a more reliable estimate of your projected harvest.
Bagging works well with melon, gourds, mango, guava, star fruit, and banana.
Start bagging when the fruit is 2-3 cm in length. Tie the bag with a string around the stalk. The bag is formed like a cylinder and must be longer than the anticipated size of the fruit when it matures.
When using plastic bags, open the bottom or cut a few small holes to allow moisture to dry up. Moisture trapped in the plastic bags damage and/or promotes fungal and bacterial growth that caused diseased-fruits. Plastic also overheats the fruit. Bags made of dried plant leaves are good alternatives to plastic.
Pinching plants is a form of pruning that encourages branching on the plant. This means that when you pinch a plant, you are removing the main stem, forcing the plant to grow two new stems from the leaf nodes below the pinch or cut.
There are many reasons for pinching back a plant. The biggest reason for pinching plants is to force the plant into a more full form. By pinching back, you force the plant to grow twice as many stems, which results in a fuller plant. For plants like chili , pinching back can help the plant to produce more of their desirable branches , leaves and flowers.
Always the pinching is needs to at applical portion (Growing tip) of the plant .in below picture shows the pinching.
Pruning is the selective removal of plant parts, including branches, buds, leaves, blooms and roots. Pruning can involve the removal of living, dying or dead plant parts. Pruning applies to both soft-tissue (herbaceous) plants and woody plants (trees, shrubs, etc.).
It Makes Them Healthier. When you prune away dying or infested branches, it prevents the insects or other organisms that were harming those branches from infecting the rest of the tree.
It Can Stimulate or Suppress Growth.
It Makes Them Safer.
Mulching is a layer of material applied to the surface of soil.
Reasons for applying mulch include –
conservation of soil moisture
Improving fertility and health of the soil
Reducing weed growth and enhancing the visual appeal of the area/container.
Usable mulching materials like –
Onion and Garlic peels
News papers etc….
Key Words- Removing of old leaves , Hand Pollination , Mulching , Pruning