Gardening Aug 30, 2020
Intensive farming is also called as intensive agriculture.it is the practice where a lot of labour and capital of labour is employed to maximize agricultural produces or yield.
It is characterized with the intensive use of pesticides , fertilizer and other production inputs for crops and medication as well as .
It provides concentrated feeding for animal stock.
The practice concentrates more on getting the most output per area by using high input startegies.
•Intensive farming or intensive agriculture Involves various types of agriculture with higher level of input and out put per unit of agricultural land area. •It is characterized by a law fallow ratio,higher use of input such as capital and labours, and higher crop yields per unit area.
Advantages of intensive farming
1 .Higher crop yield
the main rewards of intensive farming is production of high crop yield.such as meat,eggs,milk fish and cereals.
2. It means more variety of food can be produced
Intensive farming mainly focus on mass production in a specific food crop or animal production.it leads to more variety of food for human consumption.
3. It is more efficient
Intensive farmers utilize less farm inputs and less land per unit of the food stuffy yielded.it is more efficient.
4. Affordable food prices
It requires less space and produces more than invested inputs.it has sustainability helped in solving the world hunger problem. The common people can hence afford to enjoy a nutritious and balanced diet.
5. It helps in ensuring regulated farming.
6. Sustainable supply of food.
Techniques of intensive agriculture methods
1.Over grazing : over grazing is the intensive animal consumption of plants, which extracts an unsustainable yield of floral biomass from an ecosystem, typically occurring over .an extended period of time and without a sufficient recovery period.
2.Monoculture: Monoculture, which is the practice of growing one type of crop intensively over a large area, is at the core of industrial food production. The chosen crop most commonly corn,wheat,soyabeans,cotton or rice.
3.Irrigation: Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the land for various purpose, such as growing crops,maintining landscapes and for use in dry areas and during periods of inadequate rainfall.
4.Slash and burn: slash and burn agriculture, which is used by 200 to 500 million people worldwide, involves the cutting and burning.it is primarily associated with rain forest and used by tribal communities for subsistence farming.
written by suma c hosall