How to prepare compost at home
Containers, Eco Friendly Concepts, Gardening, Gardening Tips, Health, IPS Gardening, Urban Farming Jan 02, 2021
What is Composting?
Composting is a biological aerobic process where garden materials and food waste is converted into a brown earthy-smelling material called compost.
Compost can serve to feed the ecosystems living in your soil, and provides essential nutrients that can be absorbed by plants.
Composting is the simple practice dumping aside our household waste. Over a time it will degrade and forms a soil like powder which is nutrient rich which plants love.
Compost give more yield in fruits, vegetables and flowers too.
Why we should compost at home?
Some common misconceptions of home composting are that it’s too complicated, it’ll smell funny, and it’s messy. These are all true if you compost in wrong way. composting in right way is quite simple, just layer organic materials and a dash of soil to create into humus -the best soil booster around
There are many benefits of composting at home.
Now a day’s people are spending more time in home, so then it is the perfect time to start composting at home.
As composting is very good for environment and your garden too and it is very easy to make.
By using homemade compost, we can enrich our gardens and soil too, and also, we can reduce the need of synthetic use of fertilizers and plant medicines too. As manmade fertilizers have negative effect on the plants and environment.
compost space is dry and shaded place.
In city if out door space is not available you can do composting in any corner of your home with composting bin.
What to compost?
What goes into your compost bin is going to play a major part in the quality of the composting process.
Good composting requires a mix of carbon and nitrogen providing elements, in the appropriate ratios
These are the materials you can add to composting
- Fruit peels
- Vegetable peels
- Coffee grounds
- Egg shells
- Grass or plant clippings
- Dry leaves
- Shredded news paper
- Straw dust
What not to compost?
these items make your compost smell bad and attract animals and pests and also causes problems in garden.
Avoid these items for a successful composting
- Animal fish
- Dairy products
- Cooking fat
- Pet waste
STEPS INVOLVED IN COMPOSTING.
- Choosing the right location for composting.
- Choosing the right container/bin for composting.
- Collecting kitchen waste.
- Segregate the waste.
- Add the compost materials in layers – alternating as moist materials and dry materials.
- Initiate the composting process- add microbes to initiate the decomposition process.
- Keep the compost moist always – add water as needed based on moisture condition of compost.
- Cover – cover the composting bin always.
- Regular mixing of the materials in the compost bin – every week give a turn with the shovel or fork. Turning adds oxygen which is required for the process to work.