Mushroom is a fleshy fruiting body, specially one containing a stalk with a umbrella cap. It has two parts PILEUS and MYCELIA.
Types of mushroom
Wood ear mushroom.
Nutritional value of mushrooms
- Very low in calories.
- High fiber.
- Contains lots of vitamins and minerals like vitamin C.
- Some mushrooms have medicinal value.
- The percentage of protein in dry mushroom is 10%-30% of total mushroom weight.
Key steps in mushroom production
- Identifying and cleaning a dedicated room or building in which temperature, moisture and sanitary conditions can be controlled to grow mushrooms in choosing a growing medium and storing the raw ingredients in a clean place under cover and protected from rain.
- Pasteurizing or sterilizing the medium and bags in which, or tables on which, mushrooms will be grown (to exclude other fungi that would compete for the same space – once the selected fungi has colonized the substrate it can fight off the competition).
Seeding the beds with spawn (spores from mature mushrooms grown on sterile media
- Maintaining optimal temperature, moisture, hygiene and other conditions for mycelium growth and fruiting, which is the most challenging step.
- Adding water to the substrate to raise the moisture content since it helps ensure efficient sterilization.
- Harvesting and eating, or processing, packaging and selling the mushrooms.
- Cleaning the facility and beginning again.
Harvest and yield
- First harvest starts at 30-45 days. First yield varies from 500g to 2kg depending on the variety.
- Second harvest can be done 7 to 10 days after first havest. Here the yield will be less compared to first harvest.
- Total 3 harvests can be done.
- On an average we can get 1.5kg to 3kg from one bag.
Key words : mushroom, vitamin, nutrition, oyster mushroom, button mushroom, spawn, medicinal value
Write up by-
Pravalika K M
Jr Research Associate